Glossary

A   B   C   D   E   F   G   H   I   J   K   L   M   N
O   P   Q   R   S   T   U   V   W   X   Y   Z


A

al dente: [adjective] Food cooked just enough to retain a somewhat firm texture. (Example: The pasta was boiled until it was al dente.) [adverb] Pasta cooked al dente.

aseptic: [adjective] Free of pathogenic microorganisms. (Example: The soymilk is packaged in an aseptic container.)

B

 

C

condiment: [noun] A spice, sauce, or preparation that is added in small amounts to food to impart a particular flavor or to enhance its flavor. So, a sauce can be a condiment, also; but not all condiments can be a sauce. (Examples: salt, pepper, herbs, ketchup, mayonnaise, mustard, relish, salsa, syrup, wasabi. The following qualify as a sauce, condiment, dip, or combination of the three: ranch, hummus, guacamole, salsa.)

 

D

dash: [noun] An imprecise measurement roughly equivalent to 1/8 teaspoon.

dip: [noun] A sauce or soft food mixture into which other food may be dipped. (Examples: bean dip, nacho cheese dip, salsa, artichoke dip, tartar sauce, chocolate. The following qualify as a sauce, condiment, dip, or combination of the three: ranch, hummus, guacamole, salsa.)

dressing: [noun] A sauce for adding to a salad. Also, a seasoned mixture used as a stuffing (as for poultry). (Examples: She likes honey-mustard dressing on her salads. We had a Tofurky roast with dressing, mashed potatoes, and steamed broccoli for dinner.)

E

 

F

frosting: [noun] A sweet, creamy thick topping for spreading on cakes and cupcakes. Compare with icing and glaze. (Example: We put frosting on the cake and cupcakes.)

 

G

ganache (geh-NASH): [noun] A whipped mixture of chocolate and cream and/or butter. The proportions depend on whether it's being used as a coating over a dessert like mud pie, or as a filling in desserts such as pastries and truffles.

garnish: [verb] To add decorative, sweet, or savory touches (embellishments) to food or drink. (Examples: Chocolate curls garnished the cake. She garnished the soup with a sprig of parsley.) [noun] Also the food itself that is used as a garnish. [Example: We used an orange slice as a garnish.]

glaze: [noun] A glaze is a simple mixture of confectioners' sugar and a liquid (such as milk, lemon juice, or water) flavored in various ways that can be made in a variety of consistencies—from thick to thin—which dry to varying degrees of stiffness but do not harden as do icings. Glazes and icings are poured or spooned over cakes and other confections. (Example: We drizzled our favorite lemon glaze over our lemon pound cake.)

grate: [verb] To grate involves moving a hard food like chocolate, hard cheese, or citrus peel across a grater ([noun] a hard surface of metal or plastic dotted with small grates), which will result in fine pieces.

H

 

I

icing: [noun] Icing is a popular cake and cookie topping that's thinner than frosting but thicker than glaze. Icings and glazes are poured or spooned over cakes and other confections (like cinnamon buns), rather than spread like frosting. (He likes lots of sweet icing on his cinnamon buns.)

 

J

 

K

 

L

 

M

mince: [verb] To cut food into very tiny pieces.

mocha: [noun] A mixture of cocoa or chocolate with coffee.

 

N

 

O

 

P

pinch: [verb] To grasp a small amount of something to sprinkle it over food. [noun] An imprecise measurement roughly equivalent to 1/16 teaspoon.

purée: [verb] A technique by which food is mashed as smooth as possible, usually by using a food processor or blender. [noun] The puréed food itself (for example, puréed baby food).

 

Q

 

R

 

S

sauce: [noun] A liquid, cream, or semi-solid food served on, or used in preparing, other foods. Full coverage of the food occurs with a sauce. So a sauce can be a condiment, also; but not all condiments can be a sauce. (Examples: cheese sauce, gravy, honey mustard, marinara, peanut sauce, teriyaki. The following qualify as a sauce, condiment, dip, or combination of the three: ranch, hummus, guacamole, salsa.)

sift: [verb] A technique by which dry ingredients (such as flour and sugar) are put through a sifter or sieve in order to fluff it/them and remove clumps.

sifter: [noun] A kitchen tool with a round metal container, a metal mesh sieve at the bottom and a side hand crank or lever to push dry ingredients through the mesh in order to fluff it/them and remove clumps.

steep: [verb] A technique by which a food is left to sit in hot, warm, or cold liquid to impart its flavor and color. Tea leaves, ground coffee beans, and vanilla beans or sticks can be steeped.

 

T

 

U

 

V

 

W

whisk: [noun] A whisk is a cooking utensil which can be used to blend ingredients well or to incorporate air into a mixture in a process known as whisking or whipping. Most whisks consist of a long, narrow handle with a series of wire loops joined at the end. The wires are usually metal, but some are plastic or bamboo. [verb] To whisk is the action of blending or whipping a mixture with a whisk (utensil) or other utensil, such as a fork.

 

X

 

Y

 

Z

zest: [noun] The outer, colored portion of the peel on a citrus fruit is removed with a fine grater to be used as flavoring (lemon zest, orange zest, etc.).